Please help us expand this timeline by adding *significant* events from your sim club/group.
Prior to 1992
- During the late 1980s and early 1990s, individuals adopt elements from fanzines and offline role playing games - such as collaborative writing, character driven storytelling, and game master concepts - to the electronic realm.
- Early national online services offer online role-playing games. CompuServe provided an area where offline RPGs such as Advanced Dungeons & Dragons and RuneQuest could be played online. On America Online (AOL), Tracy Reed wrote the QuantumLink Serial, a hybrid online fanzine and role-playing game. AOL also ran Quantum Space, a play by email game.
- What would grow to become Starfleet Online (SFOL) is founded during this period.
- Organized Star Trek sims occur on electronic bulletin boards and Quantum Link in the late 1980s and early 1990s.
- On July 21, 1991, a group of Star Trek fans on Prodigy organize themselves to fight attackers from the 90210 message board. This effort would evolve into the STF role-playing club.
- In April 1992, Prodigy lifts restrictions prohibiting role-playing on its message boards.
- Under the leadership of Admiral Kowalewski, STF is transformed from fighting 90210 fans into a role-playing club.
- Starfleet Online on Prodigy, and Starfleet Online on AOL experience rapid growth, becoming the largest Star Trek role-playing organizations on their respective services. It is unclear if the two clubs were ever linked together.
- Fleet 74 begins on CompuServe. It quickly grows into the largest club on that service and on multiple occasions, is the only Star Trek sim club on CompuServe.
- In November 1992, Warin Trekker begins to hold a regular Star Trek sim on AOL. His sim would grow to form the Star Trek Sims (STS) club.
- What would eventually grow into the Federation Sim Fleet (FSF) begins as a single sim, the USS Melbourne, on a BBS called FIDOnet under the guidance of Captain Jon Shuni on March 7, 1993. On July 5, a second affiliate sim, the USS Bastille, is launched. Two more sims are launched before the end of the year. The new club is eventually named UNIFED, or the United Federation.
- The United Confederation of Interstellar Planets (UCIP) is formed by Vice Admiral Danzak.
- In late 1993 the Federation and Klingon Alliance (FKA) is formed by Andy B. Clements.
- Starfleet Online becomes part of the AOL gaming forum; in exchange for receiving a dedicated keyword, forum, message board, file library, and chat room, SFOL comes under the managerial control of AOL gaming officials.
- The takeover by AOL proves unpopular among segments of Starfleet Online. In June, Traper becomes the first high-ranking officer to leave, taking approximately 10% of the club with him. Ryan and John Sisko leave AOL entirely to form a new version of Star Fleet On-Line in irc. Stanley Parker, is stripped of command by AOL on May 30, 1994, and later has his account terminated. He sues and wins a judgement against the company.
- UNIFED expands beyond its IRC base and launches its first America Online sim - the USS Harold - in April 1994. Over the years, UNIFED slowly builds its base.
- The Federation and Klingon Alliance (FKA) is offered to be an official club in the RPG Forum (Keyword RPG) on AOL after a meeting with Yvonne (Admiral TPau) and Admiral Andy B. Clements. Negotiations ultimately fail because AOL is unwilling grant key FKA members full Host Status. Nevertheless, Admiral Clements is able to secure message boards and usage of the RPG Conference Chat Rooms for simming purposes. This later prompts The Online Gaming Forum (OGF) to form the Non Affiliated Gaming Forum (NAGF) in late 1995.
- In late 1994, Admiral Clements leaves the FKA with a single ship, the USS Excelsior, to form a new group, the United Space Federation (USF). Several key leaders, including Vice-Admiral Phantom, Kyushu, and Rear Admiral Robby follow to assist with the creation of the USF. Admiral Clements skillfully exploits the problems of SFOL and recruits heavily. Soon, the USF launches the USS Stealth (under the command of Captain Connery) and later the USS Potemkin.
- The Federation Sim Group (FSG) is formed by a AdmGMad. He steps aside after only a few weeks, the first in a long line of sudden resignations, splits, and political turmoil for the group. Despite this, the group survives.
- In early 1995, the highest ranking departure from Starfleet Online on AOL occurs. The Tigress, the publisher of SFOLs newsletter "CommLink," starts her own club, the Continuum Online (COL).
- Admiral TPau is promoted from SFOL to the head of Online Gaming Forum on AOL, but remains active in SFOL.
- AOL creates the Non Affiliated Gaming Forum (NAGF), providing private sims on AOL a dedicated area, complete with message boards, file libraries, and chat rooms. The NAGF quickly becomes the hang out and principle recruiting tool for the majority of sim clubs on AOL. Vice Admiral Data is placed in the position of Supervisor by Admiral TPau.
- Spacefleet Online on AOL beings to stabalize. It is able to rebuild and remains the largest Star Trek sim club on AOL.
- The Alliance Simulation Group (ASG) is founded on the Internet and later expands to AOL, offering Star Trek, Star Wars, Babylon 5, and SeaQuest sims.
- Paramount Pictures enters into a contract with MSN to operate the official Star Trek website, titled Star Trek: The Continuum. A simming organization called Star Trek: A Call To Duty (ACTD) is established to provide role-playing activities on the site.
- Starfleet Online on AOL is renamed Spacefleet Online. Starfleet Online on Prodigy is ineffected by the name change.
- During August 1996, Trek Online (TOL) is formed on Prodigy by Chas Hammer. At the same time, the UFP/SF is founded on AOL by Chip Rollins.
- The Federation Sim Group (FSG) suffers a major split, out of which a group called the Warpspeed Sim Group (WSG) is formed.
- The Alliance Simulation Group (ASG) absorbs the UFA, a group with talented members who become dedicated ASGers. Another small group, Science Fiction Association (SFA) breaks from the AOL branch of the ASG and establishes a small but successful group. A second small group, called the Allied Sim Association (ASA), is started by a former ASG member.
- United Federation (UNIFED) splits into three separate groups around December 1996. The only group of sims to survive the split, under the command of Jon Shuni, is used to launch a reformed club in January called the Federation Sim Fleet (FSF).
- Tango Fleet is founded.
- The split between the Federation Sim Group (FSG) and Warpspeed Sim Group (WSG) comes to an end when a tentative merger agreement is drafted by the two clubs on January 1, 1997. The draft is approved later that year.
- The UFP/SF is merged into Trek Online on January 19, 1997; a period of turmoil follows, but by the autumn, Trek Online stabilizes.
- Star Trek Sims (STS) suffers a major split in March when TrekGuru, leaves STS. She is followed by several of the clubs captains and simmers. Together they form a new club, Final Frontier Sims (FFS).
- The Allied Electronic Sims (AES) is formed on August 20, 1997, by splitting from the Federation Sim Group (FSG).
- The Celestial Prime Alliance (CPA) is formed on August 31, 1997, by splitting from the Continuum Online (COL). The group's formation is spearheaded by Gem Rhee, Joi'Ahn Kethry and Fred Shedian.
- Allied Federation's Fleet is founded by Britton Keene.
- Bravo Fleet (BF) is launched by Pat Weber and Mike Bremer following what BF calls "a very serious dispute" with the then CO of Tango Fleet. Bremer left with his sim, the USS Pegasus, and is joined by Weber's new USS Miranda sim to form.
- Shaken by the turmoil unleashed by unlimited billing, the leaders of most of the major sim clubs on AOL begin to meet on a regular basis to discuss the status of their club and the problems facing simming. This soon gives rise to the Simming League, lead by Chas Hammer. On Prodigy, a similar grouping of leaders called the Association of Club Leaders comes together to deal with the problems faced by clubs on that online service, but the association fails to form a larger framework and soon evaporates.
- The Alliance Simulation Group (ASG) continues with success on both IRC and AOL. On AOL some of its sims overflow their chat rooms, causing COs to run their sims out of two chat rooms at once with resounding success. With the hiatus of a few (ASG) founding members, the AOL and IRC branches become more autonomous. This is widely considered the "Golden Age" of ASG simming.
- The Science Fiction Association (SFA) closes its doors after a year of general success. The leadership simply moved on, and realize that most of their members will sim elsewhere. Most members revive their participation in the ASG while others join the small but upstart Allied Sim Association (ASA).
- Allied Sim Association (ASA) gains a surge of new membership as well as an ambitious pool of leaders from the dismantled Science Fiction Association (SFA). The Babylon 5 sims are particularly successful early on while the Star Trek sims build quickly. The (ASA)'s young membership quickly develop a strong friendship and regularly spend time together in the chat room "ASA Lounge." A culture of "pick up sims" forms.
- The RPG-Captains e-mail string, a Yahoo group for simming leaders to discuss and learn from each other, is established.
- The Non Affiliated Gaming Forum (NAGF) begins to provide private clubs the same resources AOL offers Spacefleet Online (SFOL), including enhanced message boards, Rainman generated forums, additional conference rooms, and recruiting tools. Admiral Andy B. Clements (OGF Andy) is placed in charge of building these forums and later that year is assigned to be the NAGF Supervisor.
- The Starfleet Elite Forces (SFEF) is launched by Lemax.
- The United Federation of Populated Planets (UFPP) is established by O'Bhoy.
- By the summer of 1998, Prodigy and CompuServe are in their death throws, having lost hundreds of thousands of members to AOL. Fleet 74 on CompuServe dies. Starfleet Online (SFOL) on Prodigy attempts moves to the Internet, but also fizzles.
- Trek Online (TOL) and Member Focused Simulations (MFS) become simming republics.
- Three midsize clubs on AOL merge to form the Online Simulations Association (OSA).
- The Allied Sim Association (ASA) faces difficulties such as harassment by AOL members with "over head accounts" and attempted takeovers by larger groups. The young group loses it's lone Star Trek sim in the fray. The Babylon 5 sims continue with great success. However, in the summer a brief and verbally hostile dispute takes place and one of the ASA's crucial leaders resigns.
- The United Space Federation (USF) suspasses SFOL as the largest simming organization on AOL.
- Bravo Fleet CO Pat Weber leaves to form Alpha Fleet over a dispute with fleet XO Mike Bremer, who becomes the new Bravo Fleet CO.
- The Allied Sim Association launches an original fantasy sim and puts together a loose relationship with several independent sims and RPG groups. However, despite claims that the membership rises to nearly a thousand through this merger method, the true ASA appears to fall apart some time in January due to a disagreement.
- The Simming League organizes the first SciWorld Online Convention in March.
- The United Federation of Nations (UFN) is absorbed by the Federation Sim Fleet (FSF) on May 17, 1999.
- Utopia Fleet, a Star Trek RPBE group, is founded mid-year.
- The Simming League organizes the first Tournament of Simulations in July.
- Trek Online experiences its "Golden Era." The members of TOL generate a dynamicculture. As the head of the Simming League, TOL becomes a major leader of the simming community on AOL.
- Alliance Simulation Group (ASG) experiences a decrease in participation throughout both its IRC and AOL branches. While the decrease is by no means crippling, both branches begin to look to new and original genres to revitalize the group. Near the end of the year both branches see an increase in participation and begin to experience a second "Golden Age" of simming in the ASG.
- Due to policy disagreements, William Halsey (OSA Myway) leads a split from the Online Simulations Association (OSA) with Draven Skylord (OSA Draven) and William Calhoun (OSA Calhoun) to form the Interstellar Simming Confederation (ISC). After Pete Anders (OSA Anders) retires, Ender Maki (OSA Maki) takes over what is left of the OSA. Maki later resigns the post to Matt Wood (OSA Matt), only to return to lead the group again and merge it into the Federation Sim Fleet (FSF).
- Non Trek sims grow in popularity. An active fantasy simming community appears on AOL, as do Star Wars sims, lead by clubs such as the Republic of the Young, Star Wars Unlimited Fan Club (SWU), and Ashes of the Rebellion (AotR).
- The Evercrack Epidemic hits simming hard, causing hosts, simmers, and potential recruits to become addicted and disappear from the simming community.
- In January 2000, Paramount Digital Entertainment, having discontinued it's contract with MSN two years earlier, drops sponsorship of Star Trek: A Call To Duty (ACTD).
- The Allied Confederation of Interstellar Planets (ACIP) is formed in January 2000, splitting from the United Confederation of Interstellar Planets (UCIP). The organization is founded by Evelyn K Hawke.
- After several years of declining interest and participation, Allied Federation's Fleet is able to negotiate a merger with Federation Sim Fleet. On June 8, AFF officially becomes FSF Alpha Fleet.
- About six sims from the Federation Sim Group (FSG) leave to form the Fantasy Sim Group (FSG).
- The Starfleet Legacy Alliance (SLA) is formed by Seth Cotis when his sim and two others split from the United Space Federation (USF) on October 1, 2000.
- Alliance Simulation Group (ASG) sees great success with its new sims on both the AOL and irc branches. The most successful on AOL are reality special forces sims. On IRC, the successful X-Men sims are joined by a sim based on wolves - called the Wolf Pack. The ASG also sees renewed cooperation between the IRC and AOL branches.
- Allied Sim Association is widdled down to one E-mail based sim on Yahoo Groups called "Babylon 6 RPG." Though the Babylon 6 RPG remains a successful and entertaining venture for nearly four years, the ASA is no longer in existence.
- Utopia Fleet fizzles out of existence sometime in early 2001.
- Bravo Fleet, by this time made up of four "task forces," suffers two major splits when approximately 1/3 (this figure is disputed by BF) of its sims leave to form Obsidian Fleet. Two senior members of BF (the TFCO and TFXO of Task Force 72) are amongst those to leave. Another 5 or so sims also leave to form Deep Space 14. Despite this loss, Bravo Fleet goes on to expand to around 10 task forces by the end of 2002.
- Independence Fleet (IDF) is founded on July 4, 2001 by James D. West, Charles Star, and Robert Seldon, three members of the USS Sunfire sim. At the time the Sunfire was an independent sim, but had previously been a member of Utopia Fleet. The fleet launches with three active sims.
- Chas Hammer announces his retirement as the President of Trek Online (TOL) on August 31, 2001. SO'koth Vidiot qul'tuq is elected the new President.
- In the Alliance Simulation Group (ASG), the AOL branch continues to develop new sims from several genres. Though many of the new sims are short lived they seem to provide refuge for simmers who need a break from the standard Babylon 5, Star Wars, and Star Trek sims that still dominate the group's over all participation. Unfortunately, the IRC branch enters into a steady decline while the AOL branch suffers a sudden and drastic drop in participation. Bitterness develops within each branch and between the two branches.
- The Simming League begins a painful transition off of AOL and onto the Internet.
- Independence Fleet (IDF) suffers its first split in February when two COs remove their sims to form Neo-Utopia Fleet, citing Fleet CO James D. West's leadership as the primary reason for their departure. The fleet then splits further when a plurality of the remaining sims choose to follow Fleet XO Charles Star instead of West. As a result, West forms Pseudo-Independence Fleet.
- The Star Trek Simulation Forum (STSF) is formed on July 31, 2002, by splitting from Spacefleet Online (SFOL). In the course of the following months, approximately 1/3 of the operating advanced sims move to the new group. The STSF becomes the largest home for games formerly associated with AOL's SFOL. By October 2002, the organization is recognized and advertised on the official Star Trek website.
- Spacefleet Online (SFOL) is converted to member run status by America Online and loses AOL sponsorship on December 2, 2002. Thirteen days later, the group's official forum is closed.
- Conditions deteriorate in the AOL branch of the Alliance Simulation Group. Low rank administrators attempt a take over, the Advisory Council fights among itself, and two key leaders retire. The AOL division is ultimately reduced to one sim that is occasionally active. There is a glimmer of hope when a few inactive sims appear ready to start up, but they lose participants and collapse again.
- Utilizing custom made Account Management Systems, both the Federation Sim Fleet and Starfleet Legacy Alliance become dominant sim clubs.
- Star Army (SARP) creates its early forums, web pages, and engages in crossover RP with Python Fleet.
- The Galactic Freedom Command (GFC) is formed in 2003 by splitting from Spacefleet Online (SFOL). Approximately 10% of the games that had been associated with SFOL in June 2002 leave to form this new group. Currently, it remains the second largest home for operational sims formerly associated with AOL's SFOL.
- In April, due to dissatisfaction with President Penny Boopter, Trek Online (TOL) splits apart when approximately half of TOL's sims leave and follow SO'koth Vidiot qul'tuq to form Rogue Fleet.
- The New Worlds Project, an original science-fiction play-by-post club, launches utilizing the e-107 content management system.
- The last official sim of the Alliance Simulation Group AOL branch is run on Halloween night. While no one seems aware that it will be the last sim, a handful of retired members return for the final sim.
- Spacefleet Online leaves AOL and moves onto the Internet. The move is a rough one, with several games not surviving the relocation and only further hurting the group's already reduced schedule.
- Star Army (SARP), an original sci-fi roleplaying community, launches its website.
- Seth Mattinen, web master, long time member and admiral of the Alliance Simulation Group (ASG) officially declares the AOL branch closed on July 29 with the full support of what few members were lurking on the Log Boards as well as the last official CinC and DCinC of the AOL branch. The closing of the AOL branch is preceded by the closing of the IRC branch by Admiral Nakoma on June 19.
- In March, Mike Bremer resigns as CO of Bravo Fleet, citing time constraints. Fleet XO Ed Smith becaomes the new CO. Bremer remains with the fleet in various other roles until 2010.
- In July, Penny Boopter resigns as the President of Trek Online (TOL) and hands the remains of the club - which consist of a few half-functional sims - over to Chas Hammer, who promptly disbands the club.
- Star Fleet On-Line suffers internal conflict that results in the formation of StarForce Simming (SFS) on May 5, 2005. The new group is spearheaded by Derek Graham.
- In June, Spacefleet Online mergers into the Federation Sim Fleet (FSF), but retains its own identity as a subfleet in the FSF.
- On July 19, 2005 Seth Cotis, the leader of the Starfleet Legacy Alliance (SLA) dies from diabetes. The SLA, Federation Sim Fleet (FSF), Simming League, and large parts of the simming community mourn his loss. Pamela Kyle was elected by the SLA Council to replace Seth as the Moderator Chair.
- Over the summer, the Simming League holds the first successful Tournament of Simulations since 2002. This marks a resurgence of the Simming League.
- There is brief discussion on the AOL branch's website of the Alliance Simulation Group about re-grouping and creating a new sim, but in the end nothing happens.
- Due to political instability within UCIP several splits occur. KDF (UCIP's Klingon Division) officially leaves UCIP and dissolves. A majority of Starfleet Division's Alpha Fleet leave UCIP. Starfleet Division's entire Gamma Fleet also departs forming the Gamma Fleet roleplaying group (which has since dissolved).
- AJJE Games is established by Alex Verdusco, Edgar Cramer, Jessica McClary, and Jud Bennett after Alex and Edgar split from STF.
- In February, growing tension within the Starfleet Legacy Alliance (SLA) over the future of the club causes Stuart Collis to leave the club, and his sim, the USS America, votes to leave with him. Stuart soon launches a second sim, the USS Horizon.
- In March, the first SciWorld Online Convention since 2002 is successfully held by the Simming League.
- In April 2006, the StarForce Simming (SFS) group collapses. The flagship of the forum, run by Derek Graham, is the only survivor of the organization's brief existence.
- In May, the Starfleet Legacy Alliance enacts a new charter, and in June, Pamela Kyle resigns as the Moderator Chair. In August, Warp is elected the new Moderator Chair.
- In June, internal issues in Tango Fleet reach a critical point. Most of the fleet's leadership decide to leave and form Sixth Fleet.
- In January, the remaining sims of the Omega Fleet Community are absorbed into Siren Fleet.
- Tango Fleet ceases operations.
- The Simming League abolishes it's political functions when Tom Ryder-Morgan-Farr steps down as the League's final elected President in February. The remaining functions and data of the Simming League are merged into Chas Hammer's Simming.info, which adopts the Simming League name.
- UCIP reorganizes its divisional structure to a more practical system. The Trek Division is formed as the home of all the UCIP Universe based simulations. ISD is formed for independent Star Trek sims and simulations based in separate genres. This correction leads to a renewed focus on simming and UCIP moves beyond the turmoil of the early decade. Several new simulations arise and successful recruitment efforts by a new era of adept GMs leads to a slow but steady growth. This is also a year of return as several simulations that once departed UCIP begin to come home.
- Epsilon Force is established in September after several sims leave Sigma Division.
- Alex Verdusco steps down as the President of AJJE Gmaes. Jeannette Giesbrecht succeeds as the President.
- In October-November, the Triple Zero Crisis, the first stage of the AJJE Schism, sees Ride The Edge Administrative Leader Silent Hunter propose and have passed (by one vote) a motion of censure against the club's operational leadership after the controversial closure of The Triple Zero.
- On December 7, Theta Fleet is established.
- In January, Warp steps down as Council Moderator of the Starfleet Legacy Alliance. In a smooth and peaceful handover, Tavey is elected to the position.
- In June, Sam Jones steps down as the Commander in Chief of Sixth Fleet. After a democratic election, Graham Thomson is elected to the post.
- Former Bravo Fleet CO Mike Bremer leaves over a dispute with fleet leadership.
- Former members of Bravo Fleet establish Taskforce 93 on May 9.
- In July, the AJJE Schism sees over a dozen members of that club leave in protest against the government; they will form Phoenix Roleplaying the following month.
- Jazza is elected President of the UCIP.
- On September 21, Independence Fleet's (IDF) former CO Charles Star is hired back as Chief of Fleet Operations by fleet CO Jeremiah Griffith, with the task of re-building the now two-sim fleet. On October 25, Griffith and fleet XO Katsuo Hayashi unexpectedly retire due to personal reasons. AJ Wheeler is named the new CO; and Star becomes fleet XO. By January 1, 2011, IDF is back up to seven sims.
- In December, Phoenix Roleplaying exits martial law and holds its first democratic elections, with Ash Leighton Plom becoming the first General Coordinator of the site.
- On December 28, 2010 Sam Jones, the former Commander-in-Chief of Sixth Fleet resigns his command of the USS Cambrian and his executive officer, Padraick Dornbush, is appointed as his successor.
- On January 1, 2011, Marni Livni accepts the position as XO of the USS Cambrian a simulation in Sixth Fleet, finally completing the transition of the simulation from the command of the retiring Sam Jones.
- On January 15, the Bremer Commission releases the Bremer Report, critical of the due process afforded Mike Bremer during his JAG trial from Bravo Fleet. Bravo Fleet leadership denounces the report.
- On January 16, Bravo Fleet rescinds 53 of its 64 permanent bans in effect. Bravo Fleet leadership is highly critical of previous administrations for affecting the bans.
- In February, Taskforce 93 is renamed The Ninth Fleet.
- In July, Star Fleet On-Line officially ceases operations.
- Several sims split from Bravo Fleet to form Alpha Fleet.
- On June 29, Silent Hunter is elected unopposed to succeed Ash Leighton Plom as General Coordinator of Phoenix Roleplaying.
- By Spring, it is obvious that the SLA is in trouble, and many sims have closed. The SLA becomes the quietest is has been in many years.
- In February, the Sixth Fleet Senate agrees to dissolve and to remove its Constitution, becoming a more volunteer-based organization.
- In November, Tavey Burgon steps down as Council Moderator of the Starfleet Legacy Alliance. Kris takes over the position. Tavey remains an advisor to the Council, and an administrator on the forums for the SLA.
- In January, several of the 'old guard' of the SLA return, and the club begins to see new life.
- Jazza passes away on April 7 following a battle with cancer.
- On May 18, Tigra Tigress passed away in a car accident. Also with her was fellow Oberth 7 member Andrew Carter who also passed away.
- After two terms as General Coordinator, Silent Hunter voluntarily chooses not to stand for a third term. He is replaced by Jason Andersen. However, Andersen goes AWOL and his deputy Misty Wilson is placed in temporary charge until another election (in which she runs) is held.
- By the end of the year, the SLA's burst of activity wans. Many who had returned to the club leave en masse.
- Phoenix Roleplaying's emergency General Coordinator election in January sees three candidates, including acting coordinator Misty Wilson, run. Wilson wins fairly comfortably.
- AJJE Games is absorbed into Phoenix Roleplaying, the site that had broken away from it in 2010.
- The satirical Outpost 42 News publishes its first article.
- The United Space Federation's High Command retires and dissolves, ceding authority to the Host Staff. Over the Summer, the Host Staff creates a new Governance Structure for the USF, including an Active Host Assembly and an Executive Board comprised of active Hosts elected by the AHA.
- ↑ My Simming Memoirs. Part 1, Chapter 1.
- ↑ CompuServe Almanac: An Online Reference of Online Service: Sixth Edition. CompuServe Incorporated. 1990. Page 182.
- ↑ QuantumLink Serial
- ↑ Quantum Space
- ↑ SWOC 2011 Chat: Her History
- ↑ My Simming Memoirs. Part 1, Chapter 1.
- ↑ SWOC 2011 Chat: Her History
- ↑ No Regrets Page 1.
- ↑ No Regrets Page 2.
- ↑ No Regrets Pages 2 - 3.
- ↑ My Simming Memoirs. Part 1, Chapter 2.
- ↑ My Simming Memoirs. Part 1, Chapter 1.
- ↑ STS History article written by Chas Hammer, October 1998. Note from Chas: The article is on my computer; I hope to upload it someday. In my Memoirs I had put down the date as 1993, but the history article pegs it at 1992, as the article was vetted by Trekker, I believe 92 is the correct date.
- ↑ UCIP website from 1999 shows the club with two dozen sims.
- ↑ SWOC 2011 Chat: Her History and My Simming Memoirs. Part 1, Chapter 1. Note from Chas Hammer: In my memoirs I pegged SFOL folding into AOL in 1994; I've put it here in 1993 instead based on Marni's chat.
- ↑ SWOC 2011 Chat: Her History
- ↑ Based on conservations between Chas Hammer and Admiral Kirk of Star Fleet On-Line during the period Star Fleet On-Line was in the Simming League.
- ↑ Ablon, Robert. "Command Control." The Recorder. November 15, 1995.